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Deadlifts Gone Wrong

Few things make me feel as old as telling you that when I began in the industry deadlifts were often a big no no. When I began in the industry you only had the “hardcore” lifters doing deadlifts. It was so crazy that when I did start implementing deadlifts, other trainers in the gym would almost yell at me that I was going to hurt people’s backs. So, seeing how people see deadlifts as the solution to just about every training need, does make me laugh.

deadlifts

Not only because I have seen the 180 that the industry has taken, but my own journey as well. I fell in love with deadlifts once I started doing them because I was able to make such progress on them. Of course I would squat, but being tall squatting deep was always a lot more difficult than deadlifts. Being someone with a spinal disease and history of back issues, I didn’t have really any issues with deadlifts.

That is until I realized the heavier and heavier I push my deadlifts the more I found myself being stiff, achy, and taking longer to recover from training. Eventually I would find similar issues with clients and had to decide if I was really making others and myself better or just trying lift more weight because that is what you were suppose to do.

When you see something isn’t working you start re-thinking the role of the exercise and how we make it work for us, not work just to deadlift. It is after all the point of an exercise to help us move, perform, and feel better not just go heavier. So, where have deadlifts gone wrong and how do we make them better?

How Strong Is Strong Enough?

The reason that most just try to heavier and heavier on not just deadlifts, but pretty much any movement in the gym is because that is how you get strong, right? To some point that is true, but most are unfamiliar with the concept of “optimal strength”. This term refers to the fact that at a certain point, increasing weight in an exercise doesn’t carry over to other activities. The term originated in athletic based training where at a certain point getting “stronger” in a lift didn’t transfer to improved to athletic performance.

deadlifts

This is an old picture from one of my gyms, so you see I am speaking from experience, we did all these things ourself so I know from such experiences. 

Now, I could make up some random number for people to say “strong enough”, but I’ll leave that up to the internet to provide;) I don’t think there is a perfect number for everyone, but based on 25 years of coaching I would say a woman that could deadlift 185 and a guy that could hit 275 on a barbell is really ready to think smarter about where they go with their deadlifts. If you are let down by those numbers I hope you won’t be as the point is if you follow these strategies about deadlifts you should see your ability to lift more go up without having to beat your body up in the process.

Did You Say Barbell Deadlifts?

Some may be surprised that I said barbell instead of trap bar deadlifts. Well, there are a few reasons for that. For one, we had a trap bar in my gym, but I didn’t use it so much. Why? For one, the handles are at a random distance that doesn’t allow many able to engage their lats because the handles were too wide. Conceptually the trap bar does reduce load on the lumbar spine because the weight is closer to our axis of rotation (#science), but the handle placement often created such an issue that clients would complain of issues in their low back because they weren’t able to create proper tension.

The other reason was that most turned the trap bar deadlifts into more of a squat. It made teaching the hip hinge pattern more difficult and I saw less transfer to other hip hinge movements because we didn’t really solidify the pattern. However, you are probably MORE shocked to hear me talking about trap bar and barbell deadlifts. Probably because I’ve spent a lot of the last 15 years telling people not to really use a lot of either.

I feel like I can make such statements because I did both in training of myself and others for some time. The truth is, the longer I coached people, the less and less I would use trap bars or barbells. Outside of the reasons I just presented, these tools are designed to be largely sagittal plane based movements. That means if you wanted to do more than more up and down from a perfectly balanced position, trap bars and barbells didn’t work so great.

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In an ADD fitness world so many fitness professionals and enthusiasts are looking for all these variations of exercises, but should we be searching for variations or progressions 🤔 You might be asking what’s the difference and here’s how I see it: there’s a lot of commotion on social media about different ways to do squats, lunges, presses, etc but no rationale about why. Only, ‘this is another way to do this exercise.’ . . . Why I’m passionate about using the DVRT system is the ability to offer solutions through progressions (and regressions if necessary). There are two subtle progressions that are making a HUGE difference in my deadlift video here and amplifying the intensity! Holding position and body position. Instead of using my beloved Ultimate #Sandbag I’m going with two kettlebells for more instability. There is now more demand on my grip and lat engagement to keep those bells silent and stable while going through my hip hinge. Next, I’m in a sprinter stance and that is wicked challenging to my base of support forcing me to use more feet for that stability needed for my double kettlebell experience. Moral of the story: find solutions, not just exercises!

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You can see from DVRT Master, Cory Cripe’s work, we do use kettlebells in our deadlifts, but they are more reactive because of the lack of tension we can create. Many people go wrong because they go to one kettlebell on a side before so and that is more advanced even though the load is lighter. 

In fact, it was seeing what kettlebells could do in the early 2000’s that got me re-thinking did we have to do barbell deadlifts and if we did how much? To appreciate where I am going with things we have to admit I dirty secret…our industry has NO standards in how much you should be able to lift to be able to live better, move better, or perform better. Most of the lifting is simply a matter of ego. A great example is my work with Jessica.

When we met she had never done really any deadlifts other than some single leg deadlifts here and there. She had badly hurt her back (5 disc herniations) when she was transferring a patient in the hospital. That scared her from pretty much doing anything heavy with deadlift and scared her to death. After working on a lot of the concepts I will be sharing, Jessica wanted to see what she could barbell deadlift. I was quite hesitant as she had little technique experience with the lift and I didn’t want to pushing herself to anything unsafe. Well, with just a few cues she was able to break 200 pounds rather easily.

deadlift

Sure, I know that is far from any world record, but the fact she could without any barbell or trap bar deadlifting hit over 200 pounds (we didn’t push it too hard) says something really interesting how we can make people strong without wearing down their body. So, how did we do it?

The Tools Do Matter

The fitness industry loves to say how the tool doesn’t matter, but when you think about it that doesn’t make much sense. Chefs are always very prideful if not emotionally attached to their knives. Computer programmers have very strong opinions about which computer is best. Heck, my neighbor is VERY proud of the electric tools he has to make some of his wood working projects. So, why in fitness do the tools not matter, especially when they provide us unique opportunities and impact the outcomes of our exercises, of course the tools matter!

As I mentioned, trap bars and barbells are predominately designed for sagittal plane work. We can use tools like kettlebells and Ultimate Sandbags for sagittal plane training, but progress such training so much more! In fact, in developing the Ultimate Sandbag back in 2005 it became my favorite tool to teach the deadlift. The way were we able to increase how easily people could engage their lats and core helped build faster success in deadlifts.

Being able to change how we held the weight allowed us to problem solve people learning to use their lats and bracing their core in drills like front loaded good mornings. It was the fact that Ultimate Sandbags were able to move in so many directions and help us move in more patterns that opened my mind to what deadlifts could be.

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The #deadlift is a great exercise if we can see how we can progress the movement pattern in other means besides load. If that is our only form of progression we lose the value of the movement and definitely headed towards plateaus and lack of results. ……. 👊🏻 We also can’t rely on progressions of just going from bilateral to unilateral #deadlifts . That isn’t using incremental progression in a smart way. Imagine if we went from a 100 pound deadlift one set to 400 on the next?! That’s the same thing. …… 👊🏻 What we offer with these #DVRT progressions are not just more deadlifts but smarter ones. Adding in directional training to our hip hinge to build the tri-planar nature of the core and #glutes . Of course you could use just one of these stepping or loading patterns but I wanted to show where movement #strengthtraining could go to achieve better results!

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This is is really important because our glutes and core are diagonally shaped muscles. That means they are made for more varied movement, if they were made to just move up and down, they would run up and down…they don’t!

Kettlebells allowed us the opportunity to bring the weight close to our axis of rotation like a trap bar, but bringing weight closer to our body and not having a random handle position allowed us to use our bodies smarter. Where “pulling the handles apart” on an Ultimate Sandbag allowed us to use tension for stability, the kettlebell requires us to be more reflexive. Yes, we squeeze the handles, but the tension feedback to our body isn’t the same as the USB.

In implementing kettlebells we can work different patterns as well, but we have another layer of progression. We can also start to build towards unilateral loading on our hip hinges which increases the demands to our core and glutes (which are made to both produce and resist force at the same time). Except, people often make two HUGE mistakes in using kettlebells with their deadlifts.

  1. They allow their arms to rotate. You see it all the time, especially on single leg deadlifts, when people come into their hip hinge they allow their arm to rotate like they were holding a barbell. The problem is that that you aren’t holding a barbell! What I mean is with a barbell you try to “break the bar” because of you have both hands on the barbell. This creates stability through using the lats more. However, with a kettlebell it takes the lats away and actually make you weaker and unnecessarily less stable.
  2. People use one kettlebell before two! This too is often most egregiously done on single leg deadlifts, but shows in other forms. People tend to use one kettlebell before they use two. Well, isn’t one lighter than two? Of course, but with two we can create better tension and have more balanced loading in our body. Having that load also gives our body better feedback with the movement.

We can load up the body with kettlebells and Ultimate Sandbags in deadlifts, however, we just have to be open about thinking of deadlifts in smarter ways. Instead of using everything like a barbell, we should be thinking of the movement of the hip hinge first and all the options that allow us to build stability and strength at the same time. When you do so, you find not only does your bilateral deadlift strength go up (like Jessica found), but also you feel better and move better. Isn’t that the REAL goal of training?

Find out more how we build these progressions in our courses like L.I.F.T. which you can get for 25% off and continuing education credits with code “save25” HERE

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If you want to be strong then you have to deadlift right? Especially if you want strong glutes. Hard to argue but if we delve deeper we have to ask which deadlift should we get strong in performing? After all, our body is meant to be strong and move in three planes of motion and if we look at how muscles like our glutes, obliques, and lats are designed, they are diagonal muscles. That means they are meant to be strong in both producing and resisting unwanted force at the same time. In order to really train the body to its full potential we have to be able to perform the hip hinge pattern in all directions and we can emphasize different qualities. _____________ When we look at the work that these great coaches have done in showing how the hip hinge can be developed in all three planes we see that we tend to overlook what being “strong” means. Not only changing direction, but if we can use different holding positions of load we can stress more the connection the lats and core have to our glutes. That is why our front load position is often underrated in developing a strong hip hinge and better deadlifts. We are only as strong as our weakest link and if we can’t perform a movement with strength in all planes of motion we aren’t developing well rounded strength. ______________ Great work by @evan_the_personal_trainer @rdpaget @corymcripe @jrhodes810

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